Student assessment always conjures up negative associations in teachers and students alike.
This is largely due to the link between assessment and examinations. However, there is more than one form of assessment and fitting the assessment method to the educational purpose can give momentum to your students to learn clearly and effectively .
The infographic looks at summative and formative assessment. A third type of assessment involves ipsative assessments when the challenge is not to conform to external measures but to constantly improve personal best performance (think athletics coaching). Like athletics this requires the teacher to operate more as a coach and to set appropriate and challenging assignments for each student.
Source: A Visual Chart on Summative vs Formative Assessment (Educcational Technology & Mobile Learning)