The Learning Renaissance

Student Engagement: Research and Implications – A Model

The idea of student engagement is central to improving learning engagement and outcomes. However, the term is used loosely and requires further discussion and definition.

This reference by Ana Cristina Pratas to the work of  Melissa Bond and Svenja Bedenlier was a welcome outline of the issue…


The concept of student engagement has become somewhat of an enigma for educators and researchers, with ongoing discussions about its nature and complexity, and criticism about the depth and breadth of theorising and operationalisation within empirical research. This equally applies to research conducted in the field of educational technology and its application in schools and higher education.

Recognising the inherent role that technology now plays in education, and the potential it has to engage students, this paper draws on a range of student engagement literature and conceptualises a provisional bio-ecological framework of student engagement that explicitly includes technology as one influential factor.

This paper first proposes a definition of student engagement and provides an exploration of positive student engagement indicators. It then presents a bio-ecological framework, and the micro systemic facets of technology, teacher and curriculum are further explored in their relation to fostering student engagement.

Based on this framework, implications for further theory-based research into student engagement and its relation to educational technology are discussed and recommendations for educators are given.

The full article can be read here: Facilitating Student Engagement Through Educational Technology: Towards a Conceptual Framework

About educationalist04

I'm convinced we can, as a species, do much better than this if we set our minds to being much more positive and productive towards our fellow humans. The solution is learning - creating independent and autonomous learners who can problem solve, innovate and create a better more equitable and sustainable world.

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